schemes under implementation through Rural Development
Department are as under:
1. Sampooran Gramin Rozgar Yojana(SGRY)
2. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
3. Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
4. Rural Housing Scheme (RHS)
5. Swranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
6. SGSY Special Projects
7. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY.
8. Model Villages under (Prime Minister’s Re-construction
9. Integrated Water Shed Development Programme (IWDP-Haryali).
10. 11th/12th Finance Commission Award.
11. Prime Minister’s Special Package.
PROCEDURE ADOPTED FOR FORMULATION OF PLANS
Section 12 of Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989
envisages that it shall be the duty of each Halqa Panchayat to
make provision for preparation of the Plans for the
development of the Halqa and to take measures for the
implementation of the Developmental plans subject to the
availability of funds at its disposal. The plans at the Block
level are formulated after consolidating the information
received from the Village Panchayats through the Secretary
Panchayat (VLW/MPW/Gram Savika).
The plans are first consolidated at the Block level and then
at the District level. After the approval of the plans by
District Development Boards the estimates of the works
approved in the plan are prepared by Junior Engineers of the
concerned Block. The Village Level Workers/Multipurpose
Workers/Gram Savikas (Secretary of the Panchayat) places the
proposal of works before the Halqa Majlis, constituted vide
Section 4 of the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayat Raj Act, 1989 for
their consideration and after passing a resolution, the Halqa
Majlis nominates the person through whom the work is to be got
executed. The Block Development Officer then allots the work
to the nominated person in accordance with the guidelines of
the schemes. The work is then got executed as per the
guidelines/prescribed norms. During execution, the test checks
are recorded by the AEs/AEEs and Executive Engineer to ensure
that the works are executed strictly as per the sanctioned
estimates and to ensure quality of the assets.
A WORD ABOUT EACH PROGRAMME / SCHEME IS GIVEN HERE UNDER:-
1. Sampooran Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)
The scheme has the following objectives:-
1. To provide additional wage Employment in rural areas.
2. To provide food security.
3. To create durable community, social and economic
infrastructure in rural areas.
4. To lay special emphasis to provide Wage Employment to:
b) Scheduled caste
c) Schedule tribes
d) Parents of children withdrawn from hazardous occupations.
a) Through Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)
Salient Features of SGRY
a) Centrally sponsored Wage Employment Scheme
b) 75% Cash Component as Central share; 25% as State share.
c) Food grains Assistance also provided by the Central
d) Payment of food grains to be made by Ministry of Rural
Development to FCI.
e) Transportation /handling charges to be born by the State
f) A minimum of 5 kgs. of food grains per labour to be
provided as part of wages.
g) Balance of the wages to be paid in cash. Minimum 25% wages
to be paid in cash.
h) Cost of food grains to be worked out at BPL rates or APL,
rates or anywhere between the two by the State government.
i) Works to be taken as per the felt need of the area within
j) 50% of the funds to be earmarked to the village panchayats
for infrastructure development works in SC/ST localities.
k) 30% of the employment opportunities reserved for women.
l) 22.5% of the annual allocation (inclusive of food grains)
allocated both at the district level and intermediate
panchayat level shall be earmarked for the individual group
beneficiaries of SC/ST families living below poverty line.
Works prohibited under the Scheme
Buildings for religious purposes, Monuments, memorials
statutes, Idols, Arch Gate/Welcome Gates, Bridges, Buildings
for Higher Secondary Schools/Colleges, Black topping of roads.
Other inputs about Scheme
a) No ceiling on the cost of the works.
b) But, the size, cost and nature of the work to be executed
is such, as could be completed within a period of one year.
c) In exceptional circumstances to be completed within 2
d) Use of high-level technical inputs to be avoided.
e) Contractors and labour displacing machines not permitted.
f) No middle man/intermediate agency can be employed for
Monitoring and Evaluation
a) Regular monitoring and evaluation through impact studies.
b) Monitoring by Government of India on monthly/Annual basis
through progress Reports.
c) Monitoring through Vigilance Committees at the State and
d) District Level and National level monitors appointed by
Government of India to carry out selected verification of
2. NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEME
The scheme has been launched on February 2nd, 2006 in 200
districts of the country. In Jammu division it has been
sanctioned in the districts of Poonch and Doda in the first
instance & is being extended to all other districts in a
phased manner. In 2007-08, district Jammu has also been
brought under the fold of NREGA.
The scheme is expected to enhance people’s livelihood on
sustained basis by developing economic and social
infrastructure in rural areas.
The scheme is aimed at attacking the causes of chronic poverty
such as drought, deforestation and soil erosion.
The scheme provides legal guarantee of 100 days work to every
rural household whose adult member volunteer to do un-skilled
If an applicant for labour is not provided employment within
15 days he/she shall be entitled to un-employment allowance.
Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is a demand-driven scheme.
Main features of Rural Employment Guarantee scheme
1. The focus of the scheme shall be on the following works in
their order of priority;-
I. Water conservation and water harvesting.
II. Drought proofing (including afforestration and tree
III. Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation
IV. Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by house
holds belonging to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes or to
land of beneficiaries of land reforms or that of the
beneficiaries under the IAY of Govt. of India.
V. Renovation of traditional water bodies including desiliting
VI. Land Development.
VII. Flood Control and protection works including drainage in
water logged areas.
VIII. Rural Connectivity to provide all weather access and
IX. Any other work which may be notified by the Central
Government in consultation with the State Government.
2. Creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihood
resource base of the rural poor shall be an important object
of the scheme.
3. The works taken up under the scheme shall be in rural
4. The State Council shall prepare a list of preferred works
for different areas based on their ability to create durable
5. The scheme shall be subject to appropriate arrangements as
may be laid down by the State Government under the rules
issued by it for proper maintenance of the public assets
created under the scheme.
6. Under no circumstances shall the labourers be paid less
than the wage rate, notified by the State Government.
7. When wages are directly linked with the quantity of work,
the wages shall be paid according to the scheme of rates fixed
by the State government for different types of work in every
year, in consultation with the State council.
8. The schedule of rates of wages for unskilled labourers
shall be so fixed that a person working for 7 hours would
normally earn a wage equal to the wage rate.
9. The cost of material component of projects including the
wages of the skilled and semi skilled workers taken up under
the scheme shall not exceed 40% of the total project costs.
10. It shall be open to the Programme Officer and Gram
Panchayat to direct any person who applied for employment
under the scheme to do work of any type permissible under it.
11. The scheme shall not permit engaging any contractor for
implementation of the projects under it.
12. As far as practicable, a task funded under the scheme
shall be performed by using manual labour and not machines.
13. Every scheme shall contain adequate provisions for
ensuring transparency and accountability at all levels of
14. Provisions for regular inspection and supervision of works
taken up under the scheme shall be made to ensure proper
quality of work as well as to ensure that the total wages paid
for the completion of the work is commensurate with the
quality and quantity of works done.
15. The District Programme Coordinator, the Programme Officer
and the Gram Panchayat implementing the scheme shall prepare
annually a report containing the facts and figures and
achievements relating to the implementation of the scheme
within his or its jurisdiction and a copy of the same shall be
made available to the public on demand and on payment of such
fee as may be specified in the scheme.
16. All accounts and records relating to the scheme shall be
made available for public scrutiny and any person desirous of
obtaining copy or relevant extracts from these may be provided
such copies of extracts on demand and after paying such fee as
may be specified in the scheme.
17. A copy of the muster roll of each scheme or project under
a scheme shall be made available in the office of the Gram
Panchayat and Programme Officer for inspection by any person
interested after paying such fee as may be specified in the
CONDITIONS FOR GUARANTEED RURAL EMPLOYMENT UNDER THE SCHEME
AND MINIMUM ENTITLEMENTS OF LABOURERS.
1. The adult members of every household who
(i) reside in any rural areas; and
(ii) are willing to do unskilled manual work, may submit their
names, age and the address of the household to the Gram
Panchayat at the village level (hereafter in this schedule
referred to as the Gram Panchayat) in the jurisdiction of
which they reside for registration of their household for
issuance of a job card.
2. It shall be the duty of the Gram Panchayat to register the
household after making such enquiry as it deems fit and issue
a job card containing such details of adult members of the
household affixing their photographs as may be specified by
the State Government in the scheme.
3. The registration made under paragraph 2 shall be for such
period as may be laid in the scheme, but in any case not less
than five years, and may be renewed from time to time.
4. Every adult member of a registered household whose name
appears in the job card shall be entitled to apply for
unskilled manual work under the scheme.
5. All registered persons belonging to a household shall be
entitled to employment in accordance with the scheme made
under the provisions of this Act, for as many days as each
applicant may request, subject to a maximum of one hundred
days per household in a given financial year.
6. The programme Officer shall ensure that every applicant
referred to in the above paragraph shall be provided unskilled
manual work in accordance with the provision of the scheme
within fifteen days of receipt of an application or from the
date he seeks work in case of advance application whichever is
Provided that priority shall be given to women in such a way
that at least one-third of the beneficiaries shall be women
who have registered and requested for work under this Act.
7. Applications for work must be for at least fourteen days of
8. There shall be no limit on the number of days of employment
for which a person may apply, or on the number of days of
employment actually provided to him subject to the aggregate
entitlement of the household.
9. Applications for work may be submitted in writing either to
the Gram Panchayat or to the Programme Officer, as may be
specified in the scheme.
10. The Gram Panchayat and Programme Officer, as the case may
be shall be bound to accept valid applications and to issue a
dated receipt to, the applicant, Group applications may also
11. Applicants who are provided with work shall be so
intimated in writing, by means of letter sent to him at the
address given in the job card and by a public notice displayed
at the office of the Panchayats at the district, intermediate
or village level.
12. As far as possible, employment shall be provided within a
radius of five kilometers of the village where the applicant
resides at the time of applying.
13. A new work under the scheme shall be commenced only if-
(a) at least fifty labourers become available for such work;
(b) the labourers cannot be absorbed in the ongoing works;
Provided that this condition shall not be applicable for new
works, as determined by the State Government, in hilly areas
and in respect of afforestration.
14. In cases the employment is provided outside such radius,
it must be provided within the Block and the labourers shall
be paid ten per cent of the wage rate as extra wages to meet
additional transportation and living expenses.
15. A period of employment shall ordinarily be at least
fourteen days continuously with not more than six days in a
16. In all cases where unemployment allowance is paid, or due
to be paid, the Programme Officer shall inform the district
Programme Coordinator in writing the reasons why it was not
possible for him to provide employment or cause to provide
employment to the applicants.
17. The District Programme Coordinator shall, in his Annual
Report to the State Council, explain as to why employment
could not be provided in cases where payment of unemployment
allowance is involved.
18. Provision shall be made in the scheme for advance
applications, that is, an application which may be submitted
in advance of the date from which employment is sought.
19. Provision shall be made in the scheme for submission of
multiple applications by the same person provided that the
corresponding periods for which employment is sought do not
20. The Gram Panchayat shall prepare and maintain such
registers, vouchers and other documents in such form and in
such manner as may be specified in the scheme containing
particulars of job card and pass books issued, name, age and
address of the head of the household and the adult members of
the household registered with the Gram Panchayat.
21. The Gram Panchayat shall send such list or lists of the
names and address of households and their adult members
registered with it and supply such other information to the
concerned Programme Officer at such periods and in such form
as may be specified in the scheme.
22. A list of persons who are provided with the work shall be
displayed on the notice board of the Gram Panchayat and at the
office of the Programme Officer and at such other places as
the Programme Officer may deem necessary and the list shall be
open for inspection by the State Government and any person
23. If the Gram Panchayat is satisfied at any time that a
person has registered with by furnishing false information, it
may direct the Programme Officer to direct his name to be
struck off from the register and direct the applicant to
return the job card.
24. If any personnel injury is caused to any person employed
under the scheme by accident arising out of and in the course
of his employment, he shall be entitled to, free of charge,
such medical treatment as is admissible under the scheme.
25. Where hospitalization of the injured worker is necessary,
the State Government shall arrange for such hospitalization
including accommodation, treatment, medicines and payment of
daily allowance not less than half of the wage rate required
to be paid had the injured been engaged in the work.
26. If a person employed under a scheme dies or becomes
permanently disabled by accident arising out of and in the
course of employment, he shall be paid by the implementing
agency an ex-gratia payment at the rate of twenty five
thousand rupees or such amount as may be notified by the
Central Government and the amount shall be paid to the legal
heirs of the deceased or the disabled as the case may be.
27. The facilities of safe drinking water, shade for children
and periods of rest, first aid box with adequate material for
emergency treatment for minor injuries and other health
hazards connected with the work being performed shall be
provided at the work site.
28. In case the number of children below the age of six years
accompanying the women working at any site are five or more,
provisions shall be made to depute one of such women worker to
look after such children
29. The person deputed under paragraph 28 shall be paid wage
30. In case the payment of wages is not made within the period
specified under the scheme, the labourers shall be entitled to
receive payment of compensation as per the provisions of the
payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936).
31. The wages under a scheme may be paid either wholly in cash
or in cash and kind provided that at least one fourth of the
wages shall be paid in cash only.
32. The State Government may prescribe that a portion of the
wages in cash may be paid to the labourers on a daily basis
during the period of employment.
33. If any personnel injury is caused by accident to a child
accompanying any person who is employed under a scheme, such
person shall be entitled to, free of charge, such medical
treatment for the child as may be specified in the scheme and
in case of death or disablement, through an ex-gratia payment
as may be determined by the State Government.
34. In case of every employment under the scheme, there shall
be no discrimination solely on the ground of gender and the
provisions of the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976)
shall be complied with.
3. Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
The scheme is designed to provide shelter to house-less people
living in rural areas with special thrust on scheduled caste,
scheduled tribe communities, freed bonded labourers and
non-SC/ST families living below poverty line. An amount of
Rs.25,000/-in plain areas and Rs.27,500/- in hilly areas is
provided by way of cash assistance in two installments to the
beneficiaries. The funding pattern of the scheme between
Centre and State is 75:25
The scheme is implemented through BPL beneficiaries themselves
without the involvement of intermediaries.3% of funds under
the scheme are earmarked for physically challenged persons.
The guidelines of IAY programme also permit up-gradation upto
an amount of Rs.12,500/- of Kacha Houses in the rural areas
4. Rural Housing Scheme (RHS)
The Rural Housing Scheme is a State Plan scheme implemented in
all the district of the division. The scheme is implemented in
accordance with the guidelines of IAY.
5. SWARANJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA (SGSY)
The objective of the scheme is to bring the assisted poor
families above the poverty line by organizing them into
Self-Help Groups (SHGs) through the process of social
mobilization, training, capacity building and provision of
income generating assets through a mix of bank credit and
The funds are shared by State & Center in the ratio of 25:75
and the permitted %age of funds earmarked for various
components of the scheme are
a) Training (10% of allocation)
b) Infrastructure (20% of allocation)
c) Revolving fund (10% of allocation)
d) Subsidy of economic activities (60% of allocation)
6. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
1. To provide all weather roads to unconnected habitations
having population of more than 500.
2. New Roads –primary focus.
3. Programme for Village Road and Other District Roads only.
4. Roads to be surfaced with Black Topping.
Roads taken up under PMGSY Phase-I and PMGSY Phase-II were
executed by the Rural Development Department and are nearing
completion shortly. The fresh projects under the scheme are
now being executed by R&B Department.
7. Model Village
The Hon’ble Prime Minister of India during his visit to valley
in October,2004 announced Reconstruction Programme for J&K
State which included overall development of one village in
each block as a model village by way of creating necessary
infrastructure so as to change the outlook of villagers and
To minimize the Rural- Urban divide.
Check the migration of population
Improve the quality of rural life
Demonstration of latest technology
Integrated development of area, based on local resources.
Optimum utilization of resources available under various
In every block, one village is presently being developed as a
model village and the work is in full swing.
8. Haryali (IWDP)
The scheme is being implemented with the objective of
Harvesting every drop of rainwater for purposes of irrigation
plantations including horticulture and floriculture, pasture
development, fisheries etc. to create sustainable sources of
income for the village community as well as for drinking water
For ensuring overall development of rural areas through the
Gram Panchayats and creating regular sources of income for the
Panchayats from rainwater harvesting and management.
For employment generation, poverty alleviation, community
empowerment and development of human and other economic
resources of the rural areas.
For mitigating the adverse effects of extreme climatic
conditions such as drought and desertification on crops, human
and livestock population for the overall improvement of rural
For restoring ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and
developing natural resources i.e. land, water, vegetative
cover especially plantations.
For encouraging village community towards sustained community
action for the operation and maintenance of assets created and
further development of the potential of the natural resources
in the watershed
Activities for Watershed Development
Development of small water harvesting structures such as low
cost farm ponds Nalla, bunds, check dams, percolation tanks
and other ground water recharging measures.
Renovation and augmentation of water sources, desiltation of
Village Tanks for drinking water/irrigation/fisheries
Fisheries development in village ponds/ tanks, farm ponds etc
Afforestation including block plantations agro forestry and
horticulture Development, shelterbelt plantations sand dume
Pasture development either by itself or in conjunction with
Land development including in situ soil and moisture
conservation measure like contour and graded bunds fortified
by plantation bench terracing in hilly terrain, nursery
raising for fodder, timber fuel wood Horticulture and
non-timber forest product species.
Drainage line treatment with a combination of vegetative and
Repair restoration and up gradation of existing common
property assets and structures in the watershed to obtain
optimum and sustained benefit from previous public
Crop demonstrations for popularizing new crops/ varieties or
Innovative management practices.
Promotion and propagation of non conventional energy saving
devices energy conservation measures bio fuel plantation etc.
Preparation of the Action Plan for the watershed by the Gram
Panchayat in consultation with self help Groups / User Groups
with the assistance of WDT members.
Approval of the Action Plan at the open meetings of the Gram
Display of approved Action Plan on a Notice Board at the Gram
Panchayat Office Village Community Hall and such other
Review of Physical and Financial progress of work during
implementation phase through periodical meetings of the Gram
Payment to Labourers directly and through cheque wherever
The present cost norm is Rs.6000 per hector this amount shall
be divided amongst the following project components subject to
the percentage ceiling mentioned against each
I. Watershed Treatment/ Development works/ Activities 85%
II. Community Mobilization and Training 5%
III. Administrative overheads 10%
Saving, if any in the administrative costs can be utilized for
undertaking activates under the other two heads Viz training
and watershed works, but not vice versa. Purchase of vehicles
office equipment, furniture etc, and construction of buildings
and payment of salaries of Government staff is not
PRIME MINISTER SPECIAL PACKAGE (SGRY-SPECIAL)
The Prime Minister of India sanctioned a special Package for
J&K State in the year 2003-04 under which an allocation of
Rs.4.00 Lacs were approved for each Panchayat Halqa
(Rs.3.00Lacs as Central Share and 1.00 Lacs as State
Share).Under the Package, certain activities like
constructions of community Information Centre, Food Godowns,
Panchayat Ghar and school Buildings etc had to be under taken.
The scheme was implemented in accordance with the guidelines
The department is also one of the executing agencies for the
works programmes of various other departments like Health,
Education, Social Welfare, Revenue etc for which funds are
allocated under NABARD, CDF, MPLADS, BADP etc.